عنوان مقاله [English]
Objective: Today, levels of uncertainty, environmental turmoil and complexity are increasing worldwide. Complexity in Iran is high due to the variety of threats, variety of actors, interference of dynamics, nonlinear behavioral patterns and severe clustering of the network. The complex governance Pattern is one of the new Patterns for managing complexity. The electricity industry is one of the most complex and infrastructural industries that has been affected by sanctions in recent years. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to design a complex governance Pattern in the context of sanctions in the electricity industry.
Methods: This research is a fundamental One. The method of conducting this research is qualitative and based on action research. The data have been collected through library and field and in-depth interview and documentary review tools were used. Interviews have been conducted with experts in the country’s electricity industry. The selection of the sample was done non-randomly – snowball with 15 experts in the country’s electricity industry.
Results: Findings show that the country’s electricity industry in the face of sanctions with various issues in the economic field (such as rising equipment prices and the issue of financing and exchange), structural (such as inconsistency of oil and energy ministries and the existence of parallel units in the industry) And cultural (such as lack of access to modern technology and reduced regional research) and this has led it to use the country’s internal capacity.
Conclusion: The results show that the electricity industry, due to the diversity of actors, goals, values, structures, complex processes and conditions of sanctions, requires the design of a complex governance Pattern and in this direction 18 mechanisms to deal with sanctions as a governance Pattern in four economic areas. , Structurally, politically and culturally designed.