عوامل موفقیت برنامۀ جانشین‌پروری در بخش خصوصی (مورد مطالعه: هلدینگ آلفا)

نوع مقاله: مقاله علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استاد مدیریت منابع انسانی دانشکدة مدیریت، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

2 دانشیار مدیریت دانشکدة مدیریت، دانشگاه علوم انتظامی، تهران، ایران

3 دانشجوی دکتری مدیریت رفتار سازمانی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

چکیده

در این پژوهش ابتدا با روش کیفی، عوامل موفقیت جانشین‌پروری شناسایی شده و سپس با روش کمی در قالب یک مدل اندازه­گیری آزموده شده است. جامعة آماری پژوهش، مجموع مدیران و رؤسای هلدینگ آلفاست و نمونة آماری به‎صورت تصادفی ساده از آن انتخاب شده است. ابزار جمع‎آوری داده‌ها، بررسی ادبیات، مصاحبه و پرسشنامه است و برای بررسی اعتبار و پایایی ابزار کیفی، از روش مثلثی، بررسی‌های اعضا و بررسی زوجی و برای روایی پرسشنامه محتوایی آن از استادان و خبرگان بهره گرفته شده است. پایایی پرسشنامه با پیش‎آزمون بین 28 نفر انجام گرفت و تأیید شد. داده‌های استخراج­شده از 171 پرسشنامه، مبنای آزمون فرضیه‌های کمی پژوهش قرار گرفت و از طریق آزمون تحلیل عاملی- اکتشافی و مدل معادله‌های ساختاری مشخص شد که هفت عامل ساختار سازمانی، حمایت مدیریت ارشد، رویکرد نظام­یافته، تعیین خط مشی، فرهنگ سازمانی، تمایل و انگیزة افراد و اعتماد را می‌توان به عنوان عوامل موفقیت در جانشین‌پروری معرفی کرد و از طریق آنها موفقیت برنامة جانشین‌پروری را اندازه گرفت.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Identification of succession planning success factors in private sector (Case study: Holding Alpha Company)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Sadegh Ziaei 1
  • Seiedreza Seyedjavadin 1
  • Shahamat Hosseinian 2
  • Mehdi Fattahi 3
1 Prof., Faculty of Management, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
2 Associate Prof., Faculty of Management, IRI Police University, Tehran, Iran
3 PhD Candidate, Organizational Behavior, Faculty of Management, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

In this study, using qualitative method, succession planning success factors are first identified, then this factors are examined as a measurement model. The statistical population included managers and supervisors of Alpha Holding Company and the samples were chosen in random. The tools used for data gathering were literature reviews, questionnaire and interviews. Validity and reliability of qualitative tool were evaluated using triangulation, member checks and paired reviews methods; content validity of the questionnaire was evaluated using expert reviews method. Reliability of the questionnaire was assessed using a pretest of 28 people and it was confirmed. Extracted data among 171 questionnaires was based on examining the quantitative research hypotheses. Based on exploratory factor analysis and structural equation modeling tests, the results showed that the seven factors including organizational structure, senior management support, systematic approach, policy, organizational culture, desire and motivation of people and trust can be introduced as the succession planning success factors and the success of succession plans could be measured using the above factors.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Measurement model
  • succession planning
  • succession planning success factors
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