A Narrative Review of Policy Enactment Theory in Educational Organizations: Pragmatic Approach

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Educational Management, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran.

2 Prof., Department of Educational Management, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran.

3 Associate Prof., Department of Educational Management, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran.

4 Assistant Prof., Department of Educational Management, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran.


Objective: The success or failure of a policy is determined by the implementation phase. Because this stage is the intersection of politics with individual actors. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to study how policies are enactment in practice.
Methods: This research has been done with a qualitative approach and using the narrative review method. To find related resources from 1990 to 2020 in Taylor & Francis, Sage, Scopus, Emerald and Science Direct databases with keywords Implementation of educational policy, Operating the educational policy "and" policy enactment "was searched. In the first phase, 280 resources were collected. After an initial study and the findings of Google Scholar, it was found that Stephen J. Ball is the most cited person in the field of educational policy; from 2008 to 2012, he theorized about policy enactment. In the second stage, seventy-two sources related to policy enactment were selected and reviewed. In the third step, eleven sources were selected for careful review and the rest were removed.
Results: Thematic classification was used to summarize the findings. Findings were divided into six thematic categories: policy, policy enactment, contextual analysis, policy actors, discourse productions, a model for Thinking of policy enactment in educational organizations.
Conclusion: This research contributes to the need for greater clarity and knowledge of the legal issues and risks of electronic project administration in the construction industry. Policies that are beyond the zero and one run; rather, they are complexly enacted by different actors in different contexts. Policy enactment theory has a more pragmatic approach and can assist educational leaders in the enactment and even not enactment policies.


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