An Investigation of the Dimensions of Employee Engagement and Its Motivating Factors in the Light of Qur'anic Guidelines

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Associate Prof., Department of Business Management, Faculty of Economic, Management and Administrative Sciences, Semnan University, Semnan, Iran.

2 Associate Prof., Department of Islamic Studies and Public Administration, Faculty of Islamic Studies and Management, Imam Sadiq University, Tehran, Iran.

3 Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Human Resource Management, Faculty of Economic, Management and Administrative Sciences, Semnan University, Semnan, Iran.


Objective:Employee engagement has become a hot topic in recent years and one of the five major challenges human resource management is facing. Incitement of man in the right direction and in accordance with the nature and philosophy of creation creates the grounds for his enjoyment of worldly and foretaste blessings. The purpose of this study is to explain the concept of employees 'engagement and to investigate the origins of the emergence and stimulate the employee engagement based on Qur'anic guidelines.
Methods: Using the qualitative method of analysis and using the MAXQDA 11 software, the 20-volume interpretation of al-Mizan and 5-volume interpretation of Nemooneh in the use of the NOOR Software was reviewed and coded.
Results: In this context, more than 493 primary topics were identified that reduced to 120 after the final refinement. Primary themes were organized in the form of 43 main themes and then in the form of 12 organizer themes. The 12 organizer themes were categorized as two general themes of individual and organizational engagement.12 themes of organizer were categorized into 3 general themes: individual engagement, organizational engagement, underlying causes of engagement.
Conclusion: From the Qur'an's point of view, the employee engagement requires special attention to human nature and self-transcendence. Hence,human resource managers should pay particular attention to employee engagement and be involved in human resource planning. Defining work in accordance with Qur'anic principles and beliefs, human nature, Islamic conscience, and employees’ beliefs can lead to the formation of employee engagement and provide the ground for the growth and excellence of the organization and its employees. The article seeks to conceptualize and explain one of the recent issues of human resources that comprehensively explore the concept and dimensions of employee engagement (individual and organizational) and its emerging contexts based on Native and authentic Quranic knowledge.


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