Legitimate corruption;The Reason for the Corruption-Proneness of the Political Systems

Document Type : Research Paper


1 MSc. Public Administration, Payame Noor University of Iran, Maragheh Center, Maragheh, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Public Management, Payame Noor University of Iran, Tehran. Iran.


Objective: amongst the issues that have become pervasive in the world and most of the political systems are to deal therewith is the issue of corruption which is enumerated amongst the very devastative problems and confrontation with it is very difficult due to the various methods applied in the political systems. Countering corruption at the macro level requires recognizing the roots of the prevalence of corruption, Therefore, this study was conducted to identify the reasons for the corruption of political systems.
Methods: the present study has been carried out based on the grounded theory method. Use was made of the limited theoretical literature substantially through relying on the interviews with 12 individuals (based on a purposive method) from amongst the universities' faculty members who were experts in the governmental management, political sciences and economy.  The data were extracted from the subjective studies and interviews within the format of open coding, selective coding and axial coding.
Results: the results obtained from coding included the lawful corruption, Political corruption, Legal corruption, Cultural corruption and Personal corruption that form the factors influencing the corruption-proneness of the political systems categorized into two general categories: legitimate corruption and corrupt values, in the end, the outcomes of the corruption-proneness of the political systems were identified and some strategies were presented for them.
Conclusion: In conclusion, the fact emerged that all cases that would cause corruption in political systems were legitimate and had legal authority. Then, for the first time, the final model in relation to the corruption of political systems was drawn in this study and the main causes, underlying factors, mediating factors, the main category, strategies and consequences of the corruption of political systems were identified. Political systems were identified. Finally, it was concluded that political systems to combat corruption should implement deconstructions in their core pillars that cover the loopholes of corruption.


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