Conceptualization of Organizational Stroke (Antecedents, Instances and Consequences)

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Public Administration, Hamedan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Hamedan, Iran.

2 Assistant Prof., Department of Management, Faculty of Management and Accounting, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran.

3 Assistant Prof., Department of Management, Faculty of Economic and social sciences, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran.


Objective: This study aims to conceptualize organizational stroke in governmental organizations which examines the process of antecedents, instances and consequences of ineffective relationships in a new metaphorical way.
Methods: The research method is a qualitative review using the thematic analysis method to review textual data. Which has been done with semi-structured interviews in government institutions and with the participation of 25 managers and elites in the field of management and using theoretical non-probability purposive sampling method and using snowball technique based on the principle of saturation.
Results: We obtained 1373 initial codes and 116 organizing themes from the interviews. then, the constituents are classified into three categories of antecedents, instances and postpositions in the form of comprehensive themes, which are: Antecedents which includes lack of openness, disagreement, lack of support, lack of homogeneity, negativity, lack of culture and unskilled؛ Instances that includes moral, behavioural, strategic, cognitive, doctrinal, knowledge and environmental strokes؛ consequences that include structural, behavioural, social and psychological impairments.
Conclusion: conceptualisation of organizational stroke allows managers as health professionals to identify and act effectively on antecedents, instances and consequences in a timely manner by increasing knowledge in the face of disease. especially in governmental organizations that have a public services nature, this can add to the richness of artistic management. The art whose concern is the health of this enduring heritage, the organization.


Abedijafari, H., Taslimi, M.S., Faghihi, A. & Sheikhzade, M. (2011). Thematic analysis and thematic network: a simple and effective way for Explaining existing patterns in qualitative data. Journal of Strategic Management Thought, 10(2), 151-198. (in Persian)
Acaray, A.,  & Akturan, A. (2015). The Relationship between Organizational Citizenship Behaviour and Organizational Silence. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 207, 472–482.
Albrecht, k. (2008, August 17). Seventeen Syndromes of Organizational [Web log message]. Retrived from Seventeen Syndromes of Organizational/
Aref, H., Seyyed Javadin, S., Pourezzat, A. & Mohammadi Elyasi, Gh. (2019). Sensemaking: Concept Analysis and Implications for Human Resource Management. Quarterly Journal Public. 11(3), 509-539. (in Persian)
Barter, N., & Russell, S. (2013). Organisational metaphors and sustain and sustainable development: enabling or inhibiting? Management and Policy Journal, 4(2), 145 -162.
Bettye, L., & Green, R.N. (2014). Breast Diseases: A Year Book Quarterly, 25, 119-120.
Bicharanlou, A. & Pourezzat, A. (2013). Functions & Dysfunctions of Semantic Boomerang of Metaphors: A Case Study on Disciplinary Concept of Cultural Engineering, Interdisciplinary Studies in the Humanities, 5(3), 101-121. (in Persian)
Braun, V., & Clarke, V. (2006), Using thematic analysis in psychology, Qualitative Research in Psychology, 3, 77-101.
Chatterjee, A., & Kulakli, A. (2015). A study on the impact of communication system on interpersonal conflict, Procedi, Social and Behavioral Sciences, 210,320-329.
Chen, M., & Agrawal, S. (2017). Do communication barriers in student teams impede creative behavior in the long run? A time-lagged perspective, Thinking Skills and Creativity, 26, 154-167
Cornelissen, J.P. (2005), Beyond compare: metaphor in organization theory, Academy of Management Review, Vol. 30 No. 4, 751-764.
Cornelissen, J.P., Kafouros, M., & Lock, A.R. (2005). Metaphorical images of organization. Human Relation, 58(12), 1545-1578.
Danaei Fard, H. (2010). Building Theory Methodology in Organization and Management:A Comparative Study. Management Research in Iran,13(4), 165-191. (in Persian)
Danaei Fard, H. & Alvani, S. M. (2007). Metaphorical Reasoning Sterategy In Building Theory: A New Theory Of Administrative System. Modarres Human Scinces, 3(52), 107-135. (in Persian)
Darzi, GH.(2018). Metaphor and interdisciplinarity: Explaining the metaphors application in the interdisciplinary research, Interdisciplinary Studies in the Humanities, 10(2), 1-26. (in Persian)
Feizi. T., Kheirandish, M., & Latifi. S. Individual, Organizational and Managerial Antecedents and Consequences of Managers Narcissism:Using Document Analysis and Shannon Entropy, Organizational Behavior Studies Quarterly, 2019; 8(2): 171-188. (in Persian)
Fennimore, A. K. (2017). Munchausen syndrome by proxy: perpetual organisational illness and therapy. International Journal of Organizational Analysis, 25,1-22.
Gherardi, S. & Monika, K. J. (2017). Shadow organizing. Qualitative Research in Organizations and Management, 12(1), 2-17.
Gorjpour, H., Khashei, V., Eslambolchi, A., & Asgharisarem, A. (2019). Developing the Evaluative Model for Cultural Policy Making Process based on Qualitative Study of Cultural Documents of Islamic Republic of Iran. Journal of Public Administration, 11(1), 47-72. (in Persian)
Khamshaya, A., Shiri, A., & Yasini, A. (2019). Understanding the Phenomenon of Organizational Insentience and Identifying its Fusion Factors in a Mixed Method Way, Quarterly Journal Public Administration, 11(2), 285-308. (in Persian) 
Kilic, T. (2015). Mushroom Management THeory; Sample of Health Sector. Electronic Business Journal, Volume 14, Issue 11, 474-480.
Long, R., White, M. C., Friedman, W. H., & Brazeal, D. V. (2000). The ‘qualitative’ versus ‘quantitative’ research debate: a question of metaphorical assumptions?, International Journal of Value-Based Management, 13, 189-197.
Lunenburg, F. (2010). Communication: The process, Barriers, and improving effectiveness. Schooling, 1, 1-12
Martell, R., & Richard, M. (2010). The Role of Continuing Education and Training in Human Resource Development, Journal of Academic Librarianship, 40, 151-155.
McCabe, D. (2016). ‘Curiouser and curiouser!’Organizations as Wonderland – a metaphorical alternative to the rational model. Human Relations, 69(4), 945–973.
Miryagob, S., Pourezzat, A., Amiry, M., & Azar, A. (2018). Deadly Sins in Public Budgeting of Iran, Quarterly Journal Public Administration, 10(33), 31-58. (in Persian)
Mottaqi, P., & Asgharisarem, A. (2013). Organizational Stroke: From Symptoms To Prevention. Scientific and research journal of management information. 24(172), 22. (in Persian)
Murphy, M., & Sashi, C.M. (2017). Communication, interactivity, and satisfaction in B2B relationships. Industrial Marketing Management, 22,150-172
Nabavi, S.H.(2015). The Concept in Sociology: How is it Form and what is Its Function?, Iranian Journal of Sociology, 16(1), 5-40. (in Persian)
Nazeri, M., Hasanpoor, A., Jafarinia, S., & Vakili, Y. (2019). Meta-Analyzing of Workplace Bullying Antecedents and Consequences, Organizational Behavior Studies Quarterly, 8(2), 1-36. (in Persian)
Ng, P.T. (2009). Examining the use of new science metaphors in the learning organization. The Learning Organization, 16(2), 168-180.
Ortenblad, A., Putnam, L. L., & Trehan, K. (2016). Beyond Morgan’s eight metaphors: Adding to and developing organization theory. Human Relations, 69(4), 875–889.
Pourezzat, A., & Hashemian, S. (2008). Way Metaphor; Sadraian Epistemology and Ontological Explanation of Organization, Philosophy Of Religion Research. 5(10). 149-168. (in Persian)
Pourezzat, A., & Taheri Attar, Gh. (2014). Organizing and structure Design. Samt. (in Persian)
Pourezzat, A., Ghorbani, A., Abdi, J., & Najjar Shams, F. (2018). Recall of New Spoil System as Administrative Trader, Quarterly Journal Public Administration, 10(34), 209-226. (in Persian)
Pourezzat, A., Rozbahani, Kh., Taheri Atta, Gh., & Sadabadi, A. (2014). Organization as a Phoenix: Reflection on life and death in community organizations. Quarterly Journal Public Administration, 6(3), 419-436. (in Persian)
Samani, A., Darvish, H., Abesi, S., & Safarzadeh, H. (2017). Designing a Model for Organizational Loafing and it s Impact on the Performance of Organization (Case Study: ICT ministry. Journal Of Public Organizations Management. 4(4), 101-114. (in Persian)
Samuel,Y. (2010). Organizational pathology. trasaction publishers.
Shokravee, S., Hoseyneyan, S., Samavateyan, H., Smsam Shareeat, S. M. (2010). Leadership Style And Organizational Atmosphere In Nwurotic Organizations. New Thoughts On Education. 3(6), 95-114. (in Persian)
Trogen, B. (2017). The evidence-based Metaphor, JAMA, 317(14), 1411-1412.
Woodside, J.M. (2018). Organizational health management through metaphor: a mission-based approach, Journal of Health Organization and Management, 32(3), 374-393.
Zarandi, S., Vaezi, R. (2018). Designing a Comprehensive Model for AntiCorruption Based on the Native Environment in Iran. Public Management Research. 12(45), 85- 108. (in Persian)