Afzal Shami, A. (2005). Political Empowerment of Women in Pakistan. Pakistan Vision, 10(1), 141-151.
Callahan, K. (2007). Citizen Participation: Models and methods. Journal of Public Administration, 30, 1179–1196.
Collins, N., & Mack, N. (1996). Public participation and risk taking: a case study of farm households. International Journal of Social Economics, 23(12), 15-29.
Dadgaran, S. M. (1998). Basics of Mass Communication. Tehran; Firoozeh Press. (in Persian)
Denhardt, R.B. & Denhardt, J.V. )2000(. The New Public Service: Serving Rather than Steering. Public Administration Review, 60(6), 549-559.
Dunleavy, P., & Hood, C. (1994). From old public administration to new public management. Public Money & Management, 14(3), 9–16.
Ebadi, N., & Piran Nejad, A. (2014). Electronic Governance in Municipalities: A Study of the Portal of the Municipalities. Journal of Public Administration, 6(2), 265-288. (in Persian)
Ebdon, C., & Franklin, A.L. (2004). Searching for a role for citizens in the budget process. Public Budgeting and Finance, 24 (1), 32–49.
Feng, L., Jeusfeld, M. A., & Hoppenbrouwers, J. (2005). Beyond information searching and browsing: acquiring knowledge from digital libraries. Information Processing and Management, 41(1), 97-120.
Feroz Khan, Gh., Yoon, H. Y., & Park, H.W. (2012). Social media use in public sector: A comparative study of the Korean & US Government Paper presented at the ATHS panel during. The 8th International Conference on Webometrics, Informatics and Scientometrics & 13th COLLNET Meeting, 23–26 October 2012, Seoul, Kore.
Flanklin, A. L., & Ebdon, C. (2002). Citizen participation: Look good on paper but hard to do in practice. Journal of Public Administration, 24(4), 385–403.
Franklin, A.L., Ho, A., & Ebdon, C. (2009). Participatory budgeting in Midwestern states: Democratic connection or citizen disconnection? Public Budgeting & Finance, 29 (3).
Ghafari, Gh. (2001). Investigating the Sociocultural Barriers Affecting the Organized Socioeconomic Participation in the Rural Society of Iran (Case Study: Villages in Kashan). Tehran: Institute of Social Studies and Research of Tehran University.
Ghasemi, M., Panahi, A., Khezari, M., & Mokhber, A. (2008). Budgeting in Iran: Budget and Players (surveys). Tehran: Islamic Parliament Research Center of the Iran. (in Persian)
Ghosal, S. & Proto, E. (2009). Democracy, collective action and intra-elite conflict. Journal of Public Economics, 93(9-10), 1078–1089.
Gordon Vitoria, O. jr, Jeffery, L. & Boden, D. (2017) The role of Citizen Particpation and the Use of Social Media Platforms in the Particpatory Budgeting Process. International Journal of Public Administration, 40(1), 65-76.
Gordon, V. (2012). Striking a balance: Matching the services offered by local governments with the revenue realities. Washington, DC: ICMA.
International Association for Public Participation. (2007). IAP2 spectrum of public participation. Louisville, CO: Author.
Kettl, D. F. (2005). The global public management revolution. Massachusetts: Brookings Institution Press.
Khezri, M., & Ghasemi, M. (2007). Issues and problems of budgeting in Iran. Tehran: Islamic Parliament Research Center of the Iran. (in Persian)
Krueathep, W. (2004). Local government initiatives in Thailand: Cases and lessons learned. Asia Pacific Journal of Public Administration, 26(2), 217–239.
Leidner, D. E. (2010). Globalization, culture, and information: Towards global knowledge transparency. Journal of Strategic Information Systems, 19(2), 69-77.
Lopez-Nicolas, C., & Soto-Acosta, P. (2010). Analyzing ICT adoption and use effects on knowledge creation. International Journal of Information Management, 30(6), 521-528.
Megnigbeto, E. (2010). Information policy: Content and challenges for an effective knowledge society. The International Information & Library Review, 42(3), 165-170.
Mojtabazadeh Khanghahi, H., Rahmati, M. & Goodarzi, L. (2017). The Role of Media in Increasing Public Participation in Urban Management (Case Study: District 4 of Tehran). Journal of media studies, 12 (1), 77-89. (in Persian)
Monavarian, A., Nargesian, A., Fattahi, M., & Waseq, B. (2010). Investigating the Relationship between Public Responsibility, Public Participation and Public Confidence in Governmental Organizations: 22 Districts of Tehran. Journal of Humanities Research in Management in Iran, 14(3), 247- 251. (in Persian)
Moon, M. J. (2002). The evolution of e-government among municipalities: Rhetoric or reality? Public Administration Review, 62 (4), 424–433.
Mungongo, C. G. (2003). Social transformation and Political empowerment in the Age of Globalization. Nordic Journal of African Studies, 12(2), 119-133.
Nabatchi, T. (2010). Addressing the citizenship and democratic deficits: The potential of deliberative democracy for public administration. The American Review of Public Administration, 40 (4), 376–399.
Nargesian, A., & Ayatollah Zadeh Shirazi, M. (2013). Citizen Relationship Management: A Study of its Relationship with Participation, Public Responsibility, and Transparency in the District 3 of Tehran. Journal of Public Administration, 5(2), 143- 168. (in Persian)
Nargesian, A., Tahmasebi Aghbalaghi, D., Dindar, Y. (2014). Study of the Effect of Political Marketing Tools on Public Participation (Case Study: Citizens of District 5 in Tehran). Journal of Public Administration, 6(3), 603 -624. (in Persian)
Neshkova, M.L. (2014). Does agency autonomy foster public participation? Public Administration Review, 74 (1), 64–74.
Niroumand, L., & Vahed Navan, A. (2011). New methods of participation. Journal of media studies, 6 (1), 227-244. (in Persian)
Nordin, M. (2009). The effect of information on voting behavior. Working paper, Uppsala University.
Osborne, S.P. (2006). The new public governance? Public Management Review, 8(3), 377–387.
Osborne, S.P. (2010). The new public governance: Emerging perspectives on the theory and practice of public governance. Oxon: Routledge.
Palvia Shailendra, C. J. & Sharma, S.S. (2007). E-government and e-governance: definitions/ domain framework and status around the world. Foundations of Egovernment, https://www.csi-sigegov.org/1/1_369.pdf.
Piran Nejad, A. (2011). The effect of ICT on political development: a qualitative study of Iran. Information Development, 27(3), 186-195. (in Persian)
Piran Nejad, A., & Gholipour, A. (2013). Study of the empowerment of citizens in the light of modern technologies. Journal of Public Administration, 5(2), 19 – 36. (in Persian)
Pujar, S. M., Kamat, R. K., Bansode, S. Y., Kamat, R. R., & Katigennavar, S. H. (2008). Identifying and exploiting human needs for a people centric evolving knowledge society: A case study of Indian ICT Emergence. The International Information & Library Review, 40(3),165-170.
Roberts, N. (2004). Public deliberation in an age of direct citizen participation. American Review of Public Administration, 34(4), 315–353.
Ruostetsaari, I. (2006). Elites and Democracy: Are they Compatible? In Dr Fredrik Engelstad (ed.) Comparative Studies of Social and Political Elites (Comparative Social Research, Volume 23). Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 265-274.
Sabilan Ardestani, H. (2010). The role of media in the process of attracting political participation the Institute for Strategic Research, Journal of Media and Political Participation, (50),13-62. (in Persian)
Schellong, A. (2007). Citizen Relationship Management. In A.V. Anttiroiko, Electronic Government: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications, Hershey, Information Science Reference.
Schugurensky, D. (2012). The fourth dimension of civic engagement: Participatory budgeting from Brazil to the USA. PA TIMES, International Supplement, 5–6.
Seyyed Rezaei, M.Y., Pourezzat, A.A., Amiri, M., & Azar, A. (2018) Deadly Sins in Public Budgeting of Iran. Journal of Public Administration,10(1):41-58. (in Persian)
Sharma, R., Ahuja, V. & Alavi, Sh. (2018). The Future Scope of Netnography and Social Network Analysis in the Field of Marketing, Journal of Internet Commerce, 17(1), 26-45.
Shatkin, G. (2004). Globalization and local leadership: Growth, power, and politics in Thailand’s eastern seaboard. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 28(1), 11–26.
Shobeyrinezhad, A.A. (2002). Budgeting in Iran: issues and challenges. Tehran: Islamic Parliament Research Center of the Iran. (in Persian)
Silverman, R. M. (2006). Central city socio-economic characteristics and public participation strategies: A comparative analysis of the Niagara Falls region's municipalities in the USA and Canada. International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, 26 (3/4), 138-153.
Thompson, A. & Allen, L. (2011). Measuring community engagement. In Focus Research, (43), 5. ICMA. These authors cite the following article—Cooper, T., Bryer, T., & Meek, J. (2006, December). Citizen-centered collaborative public management. Public Administration Review, 66 (s1), 76–87.
Torres, L., Pina, V., Acerete, B. (2005). E-government developments on delivering public services among EU cities. Government Information Quarterly, 22(2), 217-238.
Timney, M. (2011). Models of citizen participation: Measuring engagement and collaboration. In C. S. King & C. Stivers (Eds.), Government is us (pp. 86-100). Armonk, NY: M. E. Sharpe.
Tsai, S., Egelman, J., Cranor, L., & Acquisti, A. (2010). The Effect of Online Privacy Information on Purchasing Behavior: An Experimental Study. Information Systems Research, 24(1), 86-99.
Unger, D., & Mahakanjana, Ch. (2016). Decentralization in Thailand. Journal of Southeast Asian Economies, 33(2), 172–187.
United Nation (2014). E-Government survey 2014: E-government for the future we want.
Wampler, B. (2007). A guide to participatory budgeting. In A. Shah (Ed.), Participatory budgeting. Washington, DC: The World Bank.
Wun-Gaeo, S., Charoenratana, S., Jumnianpol, S., & Nuangjamnong, N. (2014). Social capital in Thailand: Unraveling the myths of rural-urban divide. The Senshu Social Capital Review, 5, 93–108
Yang, K. & Pandey, S. K. (2011). Further dissecting the black box of citizen participation: When does citizen involvement lead to good outcomes? Public Administration Review, 71 (6), 880–892.
Yimbo, W. O. (2011). Analyzing E-government in developing countries using a stages model approach: a case study. PhD Thesis, University of Minnesota.
Zaman, F. (2007). The Nature of Political Empowerment and Gender in Local Governance: A Comparative Study of Dhaka City Corporation and Narayangonj Municipality. Bangladesh e-Journal of Sociology, 4(1), 49-72.