Qualitative Meta-analysis of Scientific Researches Concerning the Issue of Governance in Iran

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Ph.D. Student, Technology Foresight Group, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran

2 Associated professor Technology foresight group, Department of management, science and technology, Amirkabir University of Technology (Tehran Polytechnic)


Lack of aboriginal governance model, which is appropriate to national, cultural and ideological circumstances of Iran, is one of the most important problems in the development process of Iran. This paper used Meta-Analysis Method (MAM) to combine the findings of other researches and tries to take a step forward in developing the Iranian Governance model. In this study, 68 articles and reports about governance issues published in the period from 2003 to 2015 have been studied. These articles have been obtained from the four main scientific databases in two main parts including descriptive finding and analytic qualitative finding. In the descriptive part, we used six indicators for description of the articles includes types of article, publishing period, typology, researchers’ gender, geographical distribution, and research methods. Quiddity, knowing why and knowing how were the three main indicators, due to the Belicky's research, for the analytical part. The results of the meta-analysis showed that Iranian researches in the field of governance are in the scope of knowing why and their articles are more about quiddity of governance and why governance models are needed. Although there are some serious criticisms for this theory, “Good governance” is the dominant theory among Iranian researchers. Some researchers have developed “Islamic Good Governance” models but these recommendations seem too intellectual and theoretical and because of the paradoxical roots they will not be very useful.


Main Subjects

Alvani, M. (2009). Good Governance: A Network of Civil Society Interactors. Quarterly Journal of Development Evolution Management, (1), 1-5.
(in Persian)
Araei, V. (2011). Sufficient accountability system in Public Administration with emphasis on good governance model. Journal of Evaluation knowledge, 3(10), 85-105. (in Persian)
Azadi Ahamd Abadi, G. (2013), Meta-analysis approach: Capacities and Gaps. Scoical science, 71(8), 82-89. (in Persian)
Baradaran Shoraka, H. & Malek al Sadati, S. (2008). Effects of good governance on economic growth (According to World Bank indicatores) in the selected countries (from 1996 to 2005). Rahbord, (49), 1- 35. (in Persian)
Bashiri, A. & Shaghaghi Shahri, V. (2011). Good Goverance, Corruption and Economic Growth (Economic Approach to Good Goverance). Bimonthly Journal of Commercial Surveys, (48), 69- 81. (in Persian)
Blaikie, N. (2007). Designing Social Research: The Logic of Anticipation. (Trans. by Chavoshian, H.). Tehran: Nashr-e Ney. (in Persian)
Dabagh, S. & Nafari, N. (2009). Explaining the concept of good governance. Quarterly Journal of Public Administration, 1(3), 3-18. (in Persian)
Daghighi Asli, A. R. & Geraeinejad, Gh. & Aghabeigian, S. (2013). The Effect of GoodGovernance on Economic Corruption in Medium Developing Countries. Quarterly Journal of Management and Development Process, 26(4), 23–3. (in Persian)
Dixit, A. (2009). Governance Institutions and Economic Activity. American Economic Review, 99(1), 5-24.
Ebadi, N. & Gholi Pour, A. (2013). Identifying determinants affecting the formation of political networks. Quarterly Journal of management sciences, 8(30): 1–26. (in Persian)
Ebrahimpour, H. & Khalili, H. (2011). From good governance to sustainable governance. The 8th International conference on management, Tehran, Iran. (in Persian)
Ebrahimpour, H. & Roshandel Arbatani, T. (2009). Explaining the Role of the National Media (IRIB) in Sustainability Governance Model in Iran. The journal of Public Administration, 1(1), 3-18. (in Persian)
Fazeli, M. & Jalili Kenari, M. (2012). Determining the level of corruption: A Comparative study of affect of Regulatory Quality on good governance. Quarterly Journal of Social-cultural strategy, 2(5), 7- 40. (in Persian)
Ghodjani, A. & Reyis Jafari, R. & Nasiri Aghdam, A. (2012). Development Strategies: Combining Governance and Economic Growth, Good Governance Research Project. Tehran, Department of Economic Researches, Islamic Parliament Research Center. (in Persian)
Gholi Pour, H. & Mehrara, M. (2003). Good Governance in Management Literature, Good Governance Research Project, (3). Tehran, Department of Economic Researches, Islamic Parliament Research Center. (in Persian)
Hadavand, M. (2005). Good Governance, Development and Human Rights. Bimothly Journal of Basic Rights, (4), 51- 86. (in Persian)
Hossein Khan, M. (2009). Good Governance and Anti-Corruption Policies in Developing Countries (Najfpour, sh. & Haghshenas, M.J. translator). Quarterly journal of Knowledge Evaluation, 1(2), 236- 272. (in Persian)
Jalalian, K. & Pajoyan, J. (2009). The Relationship between Government Policies on Environment, Expenditureand Good Governance. Quarterly journal of Economic sciences, 2(7), 9-25. (in Persian)
Jasbi, J. & Nafari, N. (2009). Designing A Good Governance Model Based On Open Systems Theory. Quarterly journal of Iranian management sciences, 4(16), 85- 117. (in Persian)
Kaufmann, D. K. (2010). The Worldwide Governance Indicators: Methodology and Analytical Issues. World Bank.
Khalatbari, J. (2008). Statistics and research method. Tehran, Pardazesh press.
(in Persian)
Khandoozi, S. E. (2010). Assessment of Development Planning Method in Iran. Quarterly Journal of Planning and Budgeting, 15(1), 99-127. (in Persian)
Kheirkhahan, J. & Afshari, Gh. & Mehrara, M. (2003). Political institutions and governance, Good Governance Research Project, (7). Tehran, Department of Economic Researches, Islamic Parliament Research Center. (in Persian)
Kheirkhahan, J. & Moeni, M. R. (2004). Whiter Reform? Ten Years of the Transition, Good Governance Research Project, (7). Tehran, Department of Economic Researches, Islamic Parliament Research Center. (in Persian)
Komijani, A. & Salatin, P. (2008). The Effect of Good Governance on Economic Growth in Selected OPEC and OECD Countries. Quarterly Journal of Economical Modeling, 2(2), 1- 24. (in Persian)
Komijani, A. & Salatin, P. (2010). The Effect of Governance on Economic Growth in Iran and Selected Neighboring Countries (Turkey and Pakistan). Quarterly Journal of Industrial Strategic Management, 7(20), 27- 41. (in Persian)
Mahdavi Adeli, M. H. & Hosseinzadeh Bahreini, M. H. & Javadi, A. (2008). Effect of good governance on attracting foreign direct investment in middle-income countries. Quarterly Journal of Knowledge and Development, 15(24), 88-106. (in Persian)
Maknoon, R. & Salimi, J. & Bahrami, M. (2014). A Meta-analysis of Iranian Development Plans’ Pathologies. Quarterly Journal of Rahbord Eghtesadi, (10), 137- 167. (in Persian)
Maknoon, R. & Salimi, J. (2015). The Islamic-Iranian model of progress as pillar for sustaibable governance, The 4th Conference of Iranian-Islamic Model of progress. (in Persian)
Mehrgan, N. & Mobarak, A. & Alizadeh, F. (2009). Investigating the Effects of Good Governance Indicators and Corruption Indicators on the Economic Growth of Islamic Countries. Quarterly journal of Knowledge Evaluation, 1(2), 135- 169. (in Persian)
Memarzadeh, Gh. & Jasbi, J. & Nafari, N. (2010). Good Governance: Equilibrated Ecology. Quarterly Journal of Economical Modeling, 2(2), 1-24. (in Persian)
Mokhber, A. & Mehrara, V. (2003). Governance and Anti-Corruption activities: Good Governance Research Project (1). Department of Economic Researches, Islamic Parliament Research Center, Tehran. (in Persian)
Naderi, M. M. (2011). Good Governance; Introduction and Brief Criticism. Bimonthly journal of Islam and Management Research, 1 (1), 69- 93.
(in Persian)
Nazemi Ardakani, M. (2012). Good Governance with Islamic Approach. Quarterly journal of Rahbord Yaas, (31), 63-88. (in Persian)
Nikou Nesbati, A. (2011). The Governance and Development: Past, Present, Future. Quarterly Journal of Planning and Budgeting, 16(4), 129-154. (in Persian)
Nobakht, M. B. & Gholami nataj, S. (2011). The Functions of Development Model. Quarterly journal of Rahbord, (61), 213- 231. (in Persian)
Omidian, M. & Taleghani, Gh. & Mohammadi, F. & Firouzi, J. & Yaghobi, H.R. & Khastar, H. (2015). The Role of Good Governance in the Promotion of Human Development: an international Study. Journal of Public Administration, 7(3), 413-436. (in Persian)
Razmi, M. J. & Fallahi, M. A. & Sedighi, S. (2012). Investigating the Effect of the Rule of Law and Control of Corruption on Sustainability in Oil Exporting Countries. National Conference on Economic Jihad (with an emphasis on national production, support for labor and capital of Iran). The 4th National Economic Conference. The University of Mazandaran, Babolsar, Iran.
(in Persian)
Razmi, M. J. & Sedighi, S. (2012). Requirements for Good Governance to Achieve Human Development. The 4th National Economic Conference, the Azad Islamic university of Khomeynishahr. (in Persian)
Rezaeian, M. (2005). Descriptive glossary of Meta-analyzes. Iranian Journal of Medical Education, 5(2), 3-18. (in Persian)
Saei, A. & Kabiri, A. & Kasrayi, M. S. & Sadeghi, H. (2011). Social capital and good governance; A fuzzy comparative analysis between countries from 2000 to 2008. Iranian Journal of Social Problems, 2(2), 63- 94. (in Persian)
Salarzehi, H.A. & Ebrahimpour, H. (2012). Paradigms of Public Administration: From Traditional Public Administration to Good Governance. Journal of Public Administration, 4(9), 43-62. (in Persian)
Salehi Amin, M. & Kheir Khahan, J. & Afshari, Gh. (2009). Reforming Public Institutions and Strengthening Governance: A Key Strategy, Good Governance Research Project, (4). Tehran, Department of Economic Researches, Islamic Parliament Research Center. (in Persian)
Sharifzadeh, F. & Gholipour, R. (2003). Good Governance and Government Role. Quarterly Journal of Management Culture, 1(4), 93-109. (in Persian)
Shirvani, A. & Rajabi Farjad, H. (2011). Good governance with an emphasis on NGOs. Quarterly Journal of Public Administration Mission, 2(3), 29- 37.
(in Persian)
Sinayi, V. (2013). Good Governance; The Return of Institutional Friendship to Politics in the Contemporary World. The Governance, politic and Friendship Conference, Tehran. (in Persian)
Special issue on economic thinking (2017). The Governance story: what theorisians says about good governance? Tejarat-e-Farda weekly Journal, Tehran. Avaiabble at: http://www.tejaratefarda.com (in Prsian)
Taheri Attar, Gh. (2013). Design and explain the pattern of sustainable nation-development. Quarterly Journal of Strategic Research of Politics, 2(7), 33–67. (in Persian)
Tasdighi, B. & Afshari, Gh. R. (2004). Good Governance theory: Government Empowerment, Good Governance Research Project (6). Tehran, Department of Economic Researches, Islamic Parliament Research Center. (in Persian)
Tavakol, M. & Erfan Manesh, I. (2014). Qualitative Meta Analysis of Scientific Research Relating to the Issue of Brain Drain. Quarterly Journal of lranian Journal of Social Problems, 5(1), 45-75. (in Persian)
Tofigh, F. (2006). Planning In Iran And Its Future Prospects. Tehran, Institute for Management and Planning studies press. (in Persian)
Yazdani Zazrani, M. R. (2012). Conceptual Relationship and the Impact of Governance on Public Policy. Quarterly Journal of International Relations research, 1(4), 109- 142. (in Persian)